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Located in Rajasthan, Alwar’s history dates back to 1500 BC. Located around 160 km south of Delhi and about 150 km north of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. Alwar is popular among international and domestic tourists mainly because of its proximity to the famous Sariska Tiger Reserve.
A Rajput state for a long time, Alwar eventually fell to the Delhi Sultans in the 12th and 13th centuries. In 1771 AD Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kachwaha Rajput belonging to the clan of Jaipur’s rulers, won Alwar back and founded a state of his own.
Known earlier as Mewat, Alwar gained reputation as a remarkable seat of art and culture under the patronage of Maharaja Pratap Singh. In the 18th century, Pratap Singh evicted the rulers of Jaipur to the south and the Jats of Bharatpur to the east, and successfully resisted the invasion of Marathas. It was one of the first Rajput states to ally itself with the British Empire. Like all the princely states, this stronghold of the Rajputs also came under British rule and remained so until India gained independence.
Alwar is a where the journey of the Fairy Queen ends! The oldest working engine in the world and one of India’s national treasure, Fairy Queen leads a train from Delhi encampment to Alwar in Rajasthan. The engine was built in 1855 and acquired by the Eastern Indian Railways from a British firm. The train that harnesses this engine is now used for tourism.
The journey of the city of Alwar and its origins can be traced back to 1500 BC. Nestled in the lap of the green hills of the Aravalli range, it is home to beautiful palaces and forts from an era long gone. The deep valleys and thick forest cover of the hills are a haven for many species of birds such as grey partridge and white-throated kingfisher and animals, most notably, the Bengal tiger and golden jackal. It is this splendour and exquisite architecture, along with the calm lakes, royal hunting chalets, dense jungles and a socio-cultural environment unlike any other that makes Alwar a traveller’s delight.