Solan is the district headquarters of Solan district (created on 1 September 1972) in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The largest Municipal Council of Himachal Pradesh, it is located 46 kilometres (29 mi) south of the state capital, Shimla. At an average elevation of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). The place is named after the Hindu goddess Shoolini devi. Every year in the month of June, a fair celebrating the goddess is held, featuring a 3-day mela at the central Thodo grounds. Solan was the capital of the erstwhile princely state, Bhagat.
Solan derives its name from Goddess Shoolini Devi, the patron deity of the region. The hill station is visited by tourists who love solitude and peace. The mountains near Solan offer interesting trekking possibilities and its streams are well stocked with a variety of game fish. The beautiful hill station is also an important industrial town. Mushroom farming is also undertaken on a large scale here.
Solan also houses one of the oldest breweries — Mohan Meakin’s Brewery which was set up in 1855. Legend has it that the cave near the top of Karol Peak is where the Pandavas resided during their exile. Solan is also famous for being the place where the Irish Mutiny of 1920 against the British Army took place. Irish soldiers revolted following a similar sentiment back home. The mutiny was, however, crushed by the British with the killing of two Irish soldiers while many others were sent to jail.