Ujjain is a very sacred city for Hindus on eastern bank of river Kshipra. It is about 70kms north to Indore city and western region of Madhya Pradesh state. In history, Ujjain was known by many names like Ujjaini, Avantika, Amravati, Pratikalpa and Kummudduity. It is also site for the triennial Kumbh Mela, which comes to Ujjain every 12 years. It was an important city in the Kingdom ruled by Ashoka’s Father, when it was known as Avanti. Later it was so attractive to Chandragupta II [380-414 AD], one of the Gupta kings, that for long period he ruled from here rather than his actual capital, Patliputra. His court supported the ’nine gems’ of Hindu literature including the important poet Kalidas. Later Ujjain became a center for much turmoil & although it was, for a time, capital of the Malwa region it passed between the Rajputs & Mughals before eventually falling to the Scindias of Gwalior.
Regarded as one of the seven sacred cities for Hindus, Ujjain is an ancient city located on the banks of Shipra river in Madhya Pradesh. The city is one of the venues for Kumbh Mela. The temple town is also called Ujjayini or Avanti and finds mention in the Hindu epic Mahabharat, as the capital city of Avanti Kingdom. It is believed that two parts of the Skanda Purana were composed in the city.