Jaisalmer Fort was built by Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal in 1156 AD. It is the second monument of Rajasthan. It is a precedent of architectures of sandstones. It has 3 layers, inner and outer layer made up of solid sandstone and these two layers sustain loose rubble in them. This Fort had faced many battles.
In the 13th century, Ala-ud-din-khijli attacked the Fort and holds it for 9 years. Rajput women committed suicide during the clasp of the Fort at that time. In 1541, Mughal emperor Humayun invaded the city of Fort. The city had the dominant role in trade in medieval times with Arabic, Persian, Egypt and African countries. In British rule, Bombay came forward in a face of the major part of the trade which causes the decline of the trade from Fort city. It took in important sight at the time of 1965 and 1971 wars, with Pakistan. At that time, the entire population lived in the fort. A population of about 4000 peoples mostly Brahmins and Darogas had residents in the premises of the Fort.