Indore was the capital of the Holkars. The largest and most densely populated city in central India, the city is popular for its history, monuments, food and bazaars.
Rao Nandlal Chaudhary, founder of the city, named it as ‘Indrapur’ after Lord Indra, the deity of Indreshwar temple. During the Maratha regime, the city was renamed ‘Indur’, which the local Marathi community continues to use. It was later Anglicised to ‘Indore’ during the British era.
Holkar dynasty played a major role in the history of Indore. Indore region was granted as a reward to Malhar Rao Holkar, founder of the dynasty by the Peshwas. Rani Ahilya Bai Holkar brought several developmental changes and reforms in the city. Although Maheshwar was the capital of the Holkars during the reign of Rani Ahilyabai, Indore remained an important commercial and military center. Rajawada, Lal Baug Palace and Sukh Niwas stand testimony to the grandeur of the Holkar era in Indore.