Bishnupur is a town and a municipality in Bishnupur subdivision of Bankura District in the state of West Bengal, India. It is famous for its terracotta temples Malla Shree Krishna Raslilla and the Baluchari sarees.
Bishnupur (Vishnupur) in Bankura district of West Bengal, gets its name from Lord Vishnu, the deity of the Vaishnavite Malla Kings who ruled it. Bishnupur’s glorious past is emulated in its traditional architecture and handicrafts such as pottery and weaving. The town prospered in the 17th and 18th centuries and was the capital of the Malla kingdom. Under the Malla kings, Bishnupur developed a unique form of architecture involving the most brilliant and detailed terracotta work.
Bishnupur is most famous for its beautiful terracotta temples. Facing a shortage of stones to build temples, the Malla kings built grand terracotta shrines to celebrate their love for Lord Krishna. The distinctive architecture incorporated various styles from the neighboring regions. Bricks and terracotta along with features like the curved Bangla roof were blended with the Muslim domes and multi-lobed arches.
Crafted from local laterite and brick, the temples were covered with terracotta tiles depicting scenes from the epic Mahabharata and Ramayana. The temples like the Shyam Ray Temple, the twin shrines of Jor Bangla and the Rasmancha are a must visit.